From: David Tetzlaff (email suppressed)
Date: Sat Jun 07 2008 - 10:35:28 PDT
A collage can include a variety of materials, which are not
necessarily found objects.
A found-footage film may or may not be edited in a manner that fits
the term 'collage' and in fact, (c.f. Ken Jacobs 'Perfect Film' and
'Urban Peasants') may not be edited at all. (The transformations of
found footage in the context of Jacobs' Nervous System performances
doesn't fit the concept of collage really either...). Other filmmakers
have created works that focus on altering the image of found works,
rather than cutting and pasting: Naomi Uman's 'Removed', Peggy
Ahwesh's 'Color of Love'. Perhaps 'found footage' is employed because
it fits a wider set of practices, and focuses on the act of
appropriation rather than reconfiguration.
And it's not exactly that one term has replaced the other. People
still refer to collage: there was a conference at the U of Iowa a few
years ago called "Collage as Cultural Intervention" covering
everything from Dada to hip-hop.
It does seem though that the term collage has fallen somewhat out of
fashion, that many people who are making collage works don't use the
term or don't use it much. Perhaps it gained a sort of lumpen
connotation by its use in grade school art assignments, art therapy,
etc. that contemporary artistes want to avoid?
Just speculation, which doesn't answer your question, of course....
> does anybody knows when, where and by whom the term "found-footage"
> was invented, replacing the older term "collage" for those films?
> Thanx in advance for any hint,
> Marcel Schwierin ::: curator ::: filmmaker
> Chausseestr. 11 ::: 10115 Berlin ::: Germany
> email suppressed
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